We seek to capture the landscape of printed articles on study settings (LE) of medical schools around the world, with an express focus on the undoubtedly dangerous facets of LE as an effort to establish areas particularly in need of remediation or intervention. that prevent future unprofessional conduct. , burnout, violence and mistreatment among university students and doctors. A bibliometric evaluation was carried out in six digital databases (PubMed / Medline, Net of Science, Cochrane Library, SCOPUS, ERIC-ProQuest and PsycINFO) until December 31, 2016, along with 12 topics: study of the environment: normal, hidden (dangerous) curriculum, unethical behavior, bullying / hazing, violence, sex discrimination, homophobia, racism, social discrimination, minority discrimination, qualified misconduct, and various unfavorable facets. discovered, 710 met inclusion standards.
The most typical themes have been normal LE (233 articles), unprofessional behavior (91 articles) and sexual discrimination (80 articles). About 80% of articles were printed during the 21st century. There is a particular improvement in scientific articles on the unfavorable facets of LE medical school in high-quality journals, particularly within the 21st century. However, further research is needed to investigate the unfavorable facets of LE with greater consideration to experimental, longitudinal, and cross-cultural examination designs.
Report of a survey on public awareness of the use of animals in scientific analysis in Japan.
We surveyed 3,096 members of the general public to gain insight into public awareness of the use of animals in scientific analysis in Japan and statistically analyzed the results. In relation to the need for experiments, analyzes and academic actions that use animals, between 55% and 62% of the respondents answered that "growth of medicines and medical experience for human beings", "growth of medicines and medical experience for animals "," sensible training in medical schools "and" sensible training in veterinary medicine schools "had been vital, while between 9 and 12% of those surveyed answered that they were not vital.
These results confirmed that the Japanese public can dispassionately settle that animal experiments are vital. Regarding the image of animal experiments, between 50 and 70% of the respondents also supported animal experiments aimed at "advances in science and medication", "ensuring human well-being and safety" and " the pursuit of financial curiosity ". Alternatively, when faced with questions that featured emotional language, the majority (51-57% of people) felt that "animal experiments are painful and ruthless acts" and that "experimental animals should be pitied." This survey confirmed that almost the entire Japanese public can settle for the need for animal experiments, however specialists and researchers interested in animal experiments should think significantly about the huge variety of respondents who agreed with the emotive descriptions. of animal analysis.
The BASALT Analysis Program: Design and Development of Mission Components to Aid Human Scientific Exploration of Mars.
Articles related to this particular assortment focus on NASA's BASALT (Lava Terrain Analog Biological Science) analysis program, which aims to answer the question: "How will we assist and enable scientific exploration in human missions? loving You?" To answer this, the BASALT workforce conducted scientific discipline investigation under simulated situations from missions to Mars to broaden our understanding of the habitability potential of basalt-rich terrains on Mars and to observe the consequences of science on ideas. current operations of missions to Mars. This text provides an overview of BASALT's analytics business, from the science, to the operational ideas that had been examined and developed, to the technical capabilities that underpinned all components of workforce analysis. In addition, this text presents the 12 articles that can be included in this Particular Assortment.
Predictive Fads in Ecotoxicology: Bridging the Gap Between Scientific Progress and Regulatory Applicability: Observations and Desires for Analysis.
This article concludes a private collection of seven articles (four on toxicokinetic-toxicodynamic modes [TK-TD] and three on structural quantitative relationship modes.